Fentanyl: A Skyrocketing Threat
Measured at fifty to 300 times more potent than morphine and 100 times stronger than heroin, fentanyl is the world’s deadliest opioid. And its threat is both persistent and growing, responsible for over half of all overdoses in the U.S.
The Recent Rise
Though it was once hailed as a “miracle” painkiller when it was first developed in 1960, misuse has seeped into recreational drugs. Without expert dosage, the drug very quickly reaches fatal levels. Now, overdoses from fentanyl are rising 2.5 times faster than those from heroin, doubling annually — and outpacing prescription opioid overdoses by an alarming 500 percent. Given that it only takes a consumption of 0.0001 grams of fentanyl to pose a moderate to significant risk of death, the drug has rapidly become one of the most serious threats facing those with substance use disorders.
The Impact on Substance Users
As its availability has grown, recreational drug dealers often mix fentanyl with other street drugs to boost the high. This can cause what’s called a “hot spot,” or high concentration of fentanyl within a mix of other products that has not mixed evenly and contributes to the likelihood of overdose. Men are more likely to use almost all types of illicit drugs, with 25- to 44-year-old men facing the greatest increase in death rates linked to fentanyl. However, as women are equally likely to develop substance use disorders, the drug poses a risk for everyone.
Preventing an Overdose
While the safest way to avoid a fentanyl overdose is to avoid the misuse of illicit drugs, those with substance use disorders face a more difficult challenge in their journey to recovery. If you or someone you know has a substance use disorder, the first step is to connect with critical emergency care or a rehabilitation center. Those who are still using or are around continued substance users should familiarize themselves with fentanyl test strips to detect if the drug has been mixed in with another substance, as well as naloxone in the event of an active overdose.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Helpline — 1-800-662-4357